Student Agency Services
Environment and Agriculture
SAS/Guanin Center, Inc., is looking for specialist in agriculture to work with us at the Guanin Community Center in la Piedra Community. Those communities are located near Bani de Toro in the Municipality of Guerra, Santo Domingo Province, Dominican Republic. It is one hour from the National District and 25 minutes north of Las Americas Airport.
The community is composed of 60% Dominicans and 40% Haitians. This is a dry region, rough and rocky. The land is called karst and is considered to be too rocky to be of any agricultural value. Karst lands are produced by the actions of carbonic acid, which accumulates in rainwater as it falls through earth's atmosphere, on limestone, which millions of years ago was ancient coral reefs that were lifted above the sea by geologic forces.
Now this karst area extending from eastern Santo Domingo to the National Park los Haitises, keeping a natural treasure more valuable than gold - a huge underground pools water and underground rivers. We need your help to keep that water in a good environment, that sits at the bottom of the many caves in this area.
The Dominican Republic has environmental problems in the areas of deforestation, water supply, and soil erosion, and as the eroding soil enters the sea, it damages the nation's coral reefs as well. UN sources report that, as of 1993, the nation was losing 20,000 hectares per year of its forest lands largely due to commercial interests. The felling of trees was prohibited in 1967 to remedy the ill effects of indiscriminate cutting by commercial producers and farmers and the destruction by fire of large stands of timber. However, many farmers continue to cut trees surreptitiously to make more land available for cultivation. Soil erosion results from a combination of rainfall and the use of land in mountainous areas. The country has 21 cu km of renewable water resources with 89% used for farming. About 97% of the population has access to pure drinking water. Water pollution results from the effects of mining along with industrial and agricultural sources.
Endangered species in the Dominican Republic include the tundra peregrine falcon, Haitian solenodon, three species of sea turtle (green sea, hawksbill, and leatherback), and American crocodile. In 2001, 4 of the country's mammal species and 11 bird species were considered endangered, as were 10 types of reptiles and 62 plant species. The imposter hutia, the Hispaniolan edible rat, and Marcano's solenodon have become extinct.